All of the website's pages should begin with the following standardized set of elements in the header
A document’s doctype determines which “rendering mode” will be used to display the document. The first line of your HTML document should be the HTML5 doctype declaration:
Using the HTML5 doctype does not mean that you must also use HTML5 elements within your document. This doctype is “backwards-compatible” with older HTML and XHTML syntax.
Directly after the doctype declaration, include the opening
html tag with the
lang attribute set to the language of the document, along with the opening
meta element specifiying the character encoding should be added directly after the opening
The character encoding
meta element is inserted early in the document because the HTML5 specification explains that the
meta tag should appear in the first 1024 bytes of the document.
Also be sure your text editor is set to UTF-8.
UTF-8 is the only recommended character encoding for web pages.
Next, add the
<title>Document Title - Site Name</title>
The title should be short and descriptive. Put the most salient part of the title first. For example, use “Faculty : Department of Gaucho Studies” rather than “Department of Gaucho Studies : Faculty,” so that the most distinguishing part of the title (“Faculty”) will be visible to the user.
meta element is often used by search engines to describe your document:
<meta name="description" content="The UCSB News Page features thelatest news and press releases from the University of California,Santa Barbara.">
Next, include your CSS stylesheets:
<link href="css/main.css" rel="stylesheet">
Approved Header Example
The following example summarizes the above suggestions:
<!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en"><head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Document Title - Site Name</title> <meta name="description" content="Description of document"> <link href="css/main.css" rel="stylesheet"> <noscript> <link href="css/noscript.css" rel="stylesheet"> </noscript></head><body>